Learning Framework

Middle Years Science

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The discipline of Science is based on the use of observations and evidence to develop knowledge about the world around us, how it works and how we can use this information to create meaningful change. The study of Science provides students with a broad range of learning experiences from practical work, computer simulations, field trips, data research, data and graphical analysis, to open–ended investigations and video analysis.

The topics studied are equally as broad in their range, from the subatomic level to the intergalactic. Topic areas include the study of physical forces and phenomena, living organisms and their interactions, chemical reactions, geological structures and the stars. Topic areas are placed into real life contexts, identifying the relevance of Science in everyday life. The integration of the range of scientific disciplines exposes student to the breadth and scope of Science.

In the Years 7–10 Curriculum, the systematic nature of the scientific method is used in the context of the topic, engaging the students to hypothesise, make observations, create detailed records and make valid conclusions, based on the data collected. Critical thinking is developed through the analysis of complex situations, identifying relationships between measurable quantities, problem–solving and discussion of global issues.

The effect of discoveries and how they have impacted on our daily lives, is a prime factor in understanding the relevance of Science in everyday life. The contributions of Australian and overseas scientists are identified, acknowledging the impact their discoveries have on the advancement of technology. The development of students’ research and communication skills and their ability to identify both valid and reliable sources of information, is a key skill area that is promoted.

Ravenswood is committed to promoting the involvement of girls in Science, Technology Engineering and Mathematics (STEM).

Years 7–8

By the end of Year 8, students use scientific inquiry by actively engaging in using and applying the processes of Working Scientifically. They can identify questions and problems that they can test or research scientifically. They select and use appropriate strategies, understanding and skills to generate creative plausible solutions to identified problems. Individually and collaboratively, they plan and conduct a range of types of first–hand investigations, including fieldwork and controlled experimental methods, ensuring that fairness, safety and ethical guidelines are followed.

Years 9–10

By the end of Year 10, students use scientific inquiry by actively engaging in using and applying the processes of Working Scientifically, to increase their understanding of and about the world around them. By engaging in scientific inquiry, students develop their understanding of science ideas and concepts, how scientific knowledge is refined over time and the significance of scientific evidence in evaluating claims, explanations and predictions.

The progression of topics through Years 7–10 allows students to recall previous knowledge and continue to build on those foundations. The use of the various styles of investigations develops enquiring minds and fosters interest in the ever–growing body of knowledge, known as Science. This provides a solid foundation for future elective studies in the Senior Years.