Learning Framework


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The discipline of Science is based on the use of observations and evidence to develop knowledge about the world around us, how it works and how we can use this information to create meaningful change.

Science is offered as an elective course of study in both the Higher School Certificate (HSC) and the International Baccalaureate (IB) Diploma. Ravenswood is committed to promoting the involvement of girls in Science, Technology Engineering and Mathematics (STEM).

Year 10

Science in Year 10 forms part of the integrated Years 7–10 Science Curriculum. Please refer to the Middle Years Science content.

HSC and IB Diploma

Having laid the foundations of knowledge and skills in the broad scope of Science in Years 7–10, the study of Science in Years 11–12, allows students to select specialist subjects to gain a deeper level of understanding in the areas in which they wish to focus.

In both the HSC and IB Diploma, students can further their studies by selecting Biology, Chemistry and Physics. The nature of these courses allow students the opportunity to extend their understanding, by utilising both research-based and practical investigations. Practical skills, problem-solving, data collection and analysis and the ability to make valid conclusions, are all skills which are fostered and developed during the study of these subjects. Students are given opportunities to work both individually and collaboratively.


Biology explores living organisms, from the cellular to the highest levels of structure, from the molecular to the macroscopic. Students study both the commonality and diversity of life, looking at the interactions within an organism and between organisms. The structures and functions found in living things are studied, as well as the needs for growth. The scientific evidence for the origins of life and subsequent development is deliberated, as are the impact of humans on living systems and the environment.


Chemistry is the study of both natural and synthetic materials, their structural composition and their interactions. From the atomic level, a broad range of chemical reactions are considered, looking at changes which result in both matter and energy content. Patterns in the structure of matter and reaction of chemicals are identified, determining features which create similarities and differences. These features are then assessed to determine the appropriate use of these chemicals, based on their chemical and physical properties. The use of chemicals in industry and their environmental impacts are also studied, identifying techniques to maximise yield of product, while minimising potential environmental issues.


Physics is the study which investigates natural phenomena, identifying laws and forces which explain the physical behavior of the universe. Physics deals with a broad range of topics, from the subatomic to entire galaxies, and all things in between. Physics involves the understanding of natural fundamentals, such as force and energy, their variations and their impact on our life. Classical topics such as astronomy, motion, waves, electricity and magnetism are studied, along with the investigation of the advancement of technology in fields such as communications, medical imagery and space travel. These studies highlight that Physics is a living Science, with an ever-increasing depth of knowledge.